Projet Accompagnement Solidarité Colombie

Deprivations in Colombian Prisons

15 May 2010

HIGH SECURITY PRISON; COMBITA, BOYACA, COLOMBIA; MAY 2010

In the country, due to the merciless and unordered attack of the government of the security forces against working class sectors and the opposition, and also due to the social and armed conflict that we suffer, prisons have filled up following massive selective captures that abandon the introduction of “Democratic Security” (old doctrine of National Security), in a mad attempt to put a stop to discontent and society’s demands for change.

We the prisoners who arrive at the prisons have many different profiles; among us there are prisoners charged with political crimes (rebellion) and common crimes, social prisoners, friends of the government (read: parapoliticians, paracos 1 , etc.) Of this heterogeneous group of prisoners, the most harmed and sought after are we the political prisoners for having opposed the regime. The government puts all of the weight of its repression, with its foundation in anti-insurgent plans, on us.

In our nation there exists no coherent or fair politics of criminality, nor do there exist programs of socialization which offer opportunities for academic and professional achievement that influence the development of prisoners’ lives. The politics of criminality in Colombia are driven by the whims of the government in power, which have turned it into a staunch revenge against detainees. In recent years, with the direct interference of the federal bureau of prisons of Uncle Sam and the funds from Plan Colombia 2 , high security prisons have been built which are, in reality, true concentration camps where respect and human dignity are left to the guards’ determination.

In these prisons taxed by gringos it seems that we have returned to medieval times; they tie our hands and feet with heavy chains before going out to do any sort of errand, as if we were headed towards the gallows instead of to a simple medical or judicial appointment. Here, like in concentration camps, prison guards control the use of all basic services such as water, electricity, telephone, television, etc. Those services are cut and returned as the prison guards please, obligating us with this manipulation to live as they want, and affecting our autonomy and self-determination as human beings.

The prisons of Colombia, which are products of despair, abandonment, and lack of opportunity, have turned into true “pots” 3, cocaine, etc.) with the complicity and participation of the guards in this lucrative business. Also, there exists another phenomenon which is growing at an alarming rate, which is the indiscriminate consumption of psychiatric drugs with the complicity of medical professionals. For prisoners all of these vices are a refuge which “helps” them to drive away their problems and to “disconnect” them from the harsh reality of their lives which they refuse to confront. But this whole problem is understandable when one considers the impact a 70-year prison sentence must have on a prisoner, who discovers that he or she will remain buried for life in a dungeon far from family and with very few possibilities.

Who is to blame for this ill-fated politics of criminality? Without a doubt, the guilty ones are the state and the governments which only go after effects without addressing the real causes that generate, on the one hand, discontent and rebellion and, on the other, the sinking of youth into petty crime as their only opportunity for survival. The state and its government thus are responsible for not offering equality and opportunities for the well-being of citizens.

In the prison, we political prisoners have always been the counterpart to the frightening politics of decomposition, and with our social vision of a new state, we have created spaces for study and coexistence which are free of consumption of psychoactive substances. In the same vein, through judicial-political struggle and permanent denunciation, we carry on battling the silencing and repression, turning ourselves into the stone in the shoe of our executioners. We also teach inmates to fight for their rights; that is why we remain hopeful despite the fact that in a decade the regime has done away with five spaces for political prisoners, disseminating us in different prisons in the country. INPEC 4 is interested in seeing prisoners go about in a lost world, far from reality, because that way we don’t reclaim our rights nor denounce their atrocities.

The deprivations political prisoners face are enormous and they distance us from our reality as opponents of the ruling system. The majority of us are confined in these concentration camps called high security prisons5 to visit us; other prisoners are totally separated from their families who for security and economic situations they will never again be able to see.

In spousal relationships, the deprivation and the subjugation is degrading; each month they lock us in a cold room for 45 minutes, giving us no control over the time which leaves us with the constant sensation that the tombo 6 is about to come knocking. A couple’s relationship under such conditions of lack of dignity is the cruellest that could happen to a prisoner, and still they dare deny that these pigsties are concentration camps.

In terms of material possessions, they deprive us of any object of service or personal presentation, such as watches, transistor radios, belts, literature, etc., obligating us to live lost in time and very uninformed. They also deprive us of our rights to equality and access to justice. At a glance one can see the differences in prison regimen applied to us, the opposition, compared to the friends of the government, para-política 7 , etc. The latter, the friends of the government, are kept in special prisons near their families, with every sort of commodity, with chat programs, casinos, and all types appliances, three visits per week, etc. We the opposition are locked in concentration camps far from our families and deprived of everything imaginable.

What this means is that the laws in our country continue to be applied only to the poor and that the white-collared petty thieves 8 and friends of the government have clubs for prisons with all the state’s guarantees.

The only thing the regime has not been able to deprive us of nor confiscate from us is the sacred right to continue being rebels and to continue with our heads high defending our convictions and principles, constructing a new homeland from this trench of temporary struggle, unmasking and combating day by day the traps of their rotten system.

With courage and force and we will continue to fight through action and through judicial-political systems with the support of NGOs, social and working class sectors, syndicates, students, human rights professionals, our families and the international community, so that in Colombia a politics of criminality that is in agreement with the reality of the country may be established, with alternative penalties where administrative profits protect all of us without exception. A unique prison regimen must also be established in all prisons in the country allowing for family visits every eight days and eight hours and prisoners’ placement must be such that we remain near to our families.

Regards,

Wicho.

Translated by Catherine Kendler

Notes

  1. Paracos: popular term used to refer to paramilitaries who are armed militias that work for the army, the police, and the state of Colombia, and who carry out massacres and instil terror in order to leave the social terrain ready for capitalist invasion.]] , “the reinserted” [[“The reinserted”: term implemented by the government of Alvaro Uribe Velez to refer to guerrillas and paramilitaries who have abandoned their ranks as part of a government program of denunciation of affiliation in exchange for the return to civil life without judicial consequences.
  2. Plan Colombia: military aid package of 1.3 billion dollars from the US government to Colombia. This money is a North American military intervention aimed at combating guerrillas and all social movements which oppose the destructive and interventionist economic plans of the country and its multinationals.
  3. Pots: in Spanish, in addition to being a cooking utensil, a pot is a place in the city, generally poor, where drug trafficking takes place.]] of commercialization, purchase and consumption of hallucinogens (marijuana, basuco [[Basuco: drug obtained from the residues that remain following the process of extraction of cocaine. These residues are mixed with different low-quality products such as hydrocarbon residues, white cement, and insecticides, which make the final product very toxic.
  4. INPEC: National Penitentiary Institute of Colombia.
  5. High or maximum security prison: it’s a mountain of walls, surrounded by netting, snaked by wires, guarded by personnel who demonstrate visceral hatred towards the prisoners, using their batons or throwing tear gas at the slightest sign of disorder. To move 50 metres prisoners are drastically handcuffed, following remissions they are enchained with their hands to their waists, during travel they do not have the right to eat nor to go to the bathroom, thus forcing them to do it fully dressed. Generally, these prisons are designed for prisoners who oppose the state.]] , dispersed throughout the country. The first thing they deprive us of is family, putting our loved ones in real viacrucis [[Viacrucis: the passage marked by 14 crosses or altars which one passes through praying at each, in memory of the steps Jesus Christ walked on the way to the Calvary. In this context it is the work or continual affliction which one suffers to obtain a basic objective.
  6. Tombo: popular and disdainful term very commonly used in Colombia to refer to a police officer.
  7. Para-política: term of the government of Alvaro Uribe Velez which refers to politics made for and/or by paramilitaries.]] prisoners, those imprisoned for corruption and for “false positives” [[False positive: term of the government of Alvaro Uribe Velez which refers to poor youth from working class neighbourhoods who are tricked into setting appointments with Colombian military personnel who promise them opportunities for work, and upon isolating them from their neighbourhoods and families they are murdered, dressed as guerrillas and presented as terrorists killed in combat. This is done with the objective of obtaining monetary rewards and/or favours from the government.
  8. White-collared petty thieves: people with bureaucratic jobs, generally corrupt.

 

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FCSPP

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